After surgery patients are shifted to a post-anesthesia unit whereafter the patient regains consciousness her vitals are checked along with the outcome of the surgery, the area of surgery is also kept under check for signs of infections or abscesses. Infections are usually treated with topical antibiotics although there is a huge debate over that since it is known to cause skin lesions, dermatitis, it is also known to cause the body to become antibiotic resistant.
There are possibilities of health complications arising after the operation for which patients are kept under check for a week, at least. Obesity is one such complication. Obesity generally occurs as an effect of obesity hypoventilation syndrome, pulmonary embolism, cardiovascular causes, atelectasis. The prolonged remaining of surgical drains over surgical incisions can get clogged leading to the formation of abscesses. Old people and children are more vulnerable to such complications. Older people, owing to frail health can end up with post-operative complications, for which, respective tests need to be conducted to negate any probable side-effects on the body owing to a particular surgery. For children and adolescents, owing to the fact that their bodies are still in the process of development, post-op complications are high. Besides these, those suffering from chronic ailments must be tested if eligible for surgery.